Major Muslim contributers in academic

This is a partial list of some of the leading Muslims. Major Muslim contributions continued beyond the fifteenth century. Contributions of more than one hundred other major Muslim personalities can be found in several famous publications by Western historians. Biographies are available in the Islamic Civilization E-book.
Jabir Ibn Haiyan (Geber)Chemistry (Father of Chemistry)Died 803 C.E.
Al-AsmaiZoology, Botany, Animal Husbandry.740 - 828
Al-Khwarizmi (Algorizm)Mathematics, Astronomy, Geography. (Algorithm, Algebra, calculus)770 - 840
'Amr ibn Bahr Al-JahizZoology, Arabic Grammar, Rhetoric, Lexicography776 - 868
Ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi (Alkindus)Philosophy, Physics, Optics, Medicine, Mathematics, Metallurgy.800 - 873
Thabit Ibn Qurrah (Thebit)Astronomy, Mechanics, Geometry, Anatomy.836 - 901
'Abbas Ibn FirnasMechanics of Flight, Planetarium, Artificial Crystals.Died 888
Ali Ibn Rabban Al-TabariMedicine, Mathematics, Caligraphy, Literature.838 - 870
Al-Battani (Albategnius)Astronomy, mathematics, Trigonometry.858 - 929
Al-Farghani (Al-Fraganus)Astronomy, Civil Engineering.C. 860
Al-Razi (Rhazes)Medicine, Ophthalmology, Smallpox, Chemistry, Astronomy.864 - 930
Al-Farabi (Al-Pharabius)Sociology, Logic, Philosophy, Political Science, Music.870 - 950
Abul Hasan Ali Al-Masu'diGeography, History.Died 957
Al-Sufi (Azophi)Astronomy903 - 986
Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahravi (Albucasis)Surgery, Medicine. (Father of Modern Surgery)936 - 1013
Muhammad Al-BuzjaniMathematics, Astronomy, Geometry, Trigonometry.940 - 997
Ibn Al-Haitham (Alhazen)Physics, Optics, Mathematics.965 - 1040
Al-Mawardi (Alboacen)Political Science, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Ethics.972 - 1058
Abu Raihan Al-BiruniAstronomy, Mathematics. (Determined Earth's Circumference)973-1048
Ibn Sina (Avicenna)Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics, Astronomy.981 - 1037
Al-Zarqali (Arzachel)Astronomy (Invented Astrolabe).1028 - 1087
Omar Al-KhayyamMathematics, Poetry.1044 - 1123
Al-Ghazali (Algazel)Sociology, Theology, Philosophy.1058 - 1111
Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Yahya (Ibn Bajjah)Philosophy, Medicine, Mathematics, Astronomy, Poetry, Music.1106 - 1138
Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar)Surgery, Medicine.1091 - 1161
Al-Idrisi (Dreses)Geography (World Map, First Globe).1099 - 1166
Ibn Tufayl, AbdubacerPhilosophy, Medicine, Poetry.1110 - 1185
Ibn Rushd (Averroes)Philosophy, Law, Medicine, Astronomy, Theology.1128 - 1198
Al-Bitruji (Alpetragius)AstronomyDied 1204
Ibn Al-BaitarPharmacy, BotanyDied 1248
Nasir Al-Din Al-TusiAstronomy, Non-Euclidean Geometry.1201 - 1274
Jalal Al-Din RumiSociology1207 - 1273
Ibn Al-Nafis DamishquiAnatomy1213 - 1288
Al-Fida (Abdulfeda)Astronomy, Geography, Histrory.1273 - 1331
Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (Ibn Battuta)World Traveler. 75,000 mile voyage from Morocco to China and back.1304 - 1369
Ibn KhaldunSociology, Philosophy of History, Political Science.1332 - 1395
Ulugh BegAstronomy1393 - 1449
Two hundred years before a comparable development elsewhere, Turkish scientist Hazarfen Ahmet Celebi took off from Galata tower and flew over the Bosphorus. Logari Hasan Celebi, another member of the Celebi family, sent the first manned rocket, using 150 okka (about 300 pounds) of gunpowder as the firing fuel.
Tipu, Sultan of Mysore [1783-1799] in the south of India, was the innovator of the world's first war rocket. Two of his rockets, captured by the British at Srirangapatana, are displayed in the Woolwich Museum Artillery in London. The rocket motor casing was made of steel with multiple nozzles. The rocket, 50mm in diameter and 250mm long, had a range performance of 900 meters to 1.5 km.

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