Rev Transcription Style Guide [Latest]

Rev Transcription Style Guide [Latest]


Welcome to the Transcription Style Guide! The following is the definitive guide for transcription at Rev. This guide also explains our grading system, our way for you to get constructive feedback on your completed transcripts. We trust you to deliver high-quality work. Our customers teachers, business owners, students, and everything in between rely on your accurate and timely transcription as a crucial part of their daily work. Please review all pages to make sure you are using the most recent rules and best practices.

2 Overview of Rules There are two categories of rules Accuracy and Formatting. 1. Accuracy - Are you correctly hearing and transcribing what words were said and who said them? 2. Formatting - Are you correctly communicating those words and notations in a way that is easily readable and digestible? Both categories have major errors* and minor errors. Errors may lead to a lowered grade that will impact your Revver metrics. Take special care in proofing your work before submission. * Major errors are the most common reasons that customers return files to Rev to be re-done. 2

3 Grading Scale A grade consists of scores on two dimensions: Accuracy and Formatting. 5 - Excellent Near perfect May contain a few errors that do not alter the meaning of the original audio. 4 - Good 3 - Fair Customer ready Errors are more frequent or noticeable but do not change the meaning of the original audio. Near customer ready Errors are present that would lead to customer confusion. This includes wrong words, additions or omissions that change the meaning of the original audio. 2 - Poor Not customer ready Transcript reflects severe carelessness or lack of understanding of the style guide. 1 - Very Poor Unusable Transcript is a poor representation of the original audio, verbatim was not used when requested, or the transcript is incomplete or content is omitted.* One or more major errors may result in a 1-4. One or more minor errors may result in a 2-5. * If you submit incomplete work, your pay for the job will be removed and your account may be closed after Support review. 3

4 Index Accuracy Formatting Major Errors Precision Wrong Words Addition / Omission of Content Verbatim Dictation Notation tags (inaudible / crosstalk) Provided speaker labels Minor Errors Spelling Inaudibles Rev default style (non-verbatim) Punctuation / Symbols Inferred speaker labels Handling missing audio / foreign language 4

5 Precision Major Accuracy Error Always transcribe exactly what is said, excluding speech disfluencies in non-verbatim files. Although spoken word is not always grammatically correct, your transcription must preserve the integrity of the original speech. Please do not write what you think the speaker meant to say. NEW 1. Never paraphrase or omit words 2. Never substitute words 3. Never rearrange the order of speech 4. Never correct or edit a speaker s grammar a. Never change spoken contractions (e.g. do not don t or don t do not) b. Never change formal speech into an informal contraction (e.g. going to gonna) c. EXCEPTION: Changing informal contractions* into formal speech is optional in non-verbatim jobs (e.g. gonna going to). If you do, please be consistent in your corrections throughout your transcript. 5. EXCEPTION: Correct egregious phonetic and pronunciation errors that inhibit readability or understanding a. Example: if a speaker pronounces refrigerator, washer and dryer as refrigurator, washar and dryear, please use the correct word and spelling based on your context of the audio. * Informal contractions are short forms of words that people use while speaking casually (e.g. ain t, gonna, gotta, kinda, cause (instead of cuz/coz/cos), wanna) 5

6 Wrong Words Major Accuracy Error Always use context clues to write down the correct word or phrase. If you are unsure of a word or phrase, complete thorough research or ask for a second opinion on the forum. Examples there vs their vs they re you re vs your its vs it s aerospace vs arrow space Botox vs boat ox looked vs loved kissed vs killed Always use the appropriate word, paying special attention to homophones. Always use context clues to write down the appropriate word. This is especially important for proper nouns or industry terminology. Take your time while transcribing a changed word could result in a drastic change in the meaning of a sentence. 6

7 Addition / Omission of Content Major Accuracy Error Addition of Content is transcribing content that is not present in the audio. Never paraphrase or write what you think the speaker meant to say. This is a major error that changes the meaning and integrity of a transcript. Omission of Content is leaving words or phrases out of a transcript. You should never paraphrase or omit words unless they are filler words in a non-verbatim transcript. It is always better to use an inaudible tag instead of guessing or skipping content. NEW Always capture all conversations (e.g. off topic, crew chatter) with as much diligence as the rest of the audio. We do not judge relevance. All discernible speech should be captured, with the exception of simultaneous background audio that is clearly unrelated to the main discussion (e.g. a conversation at another restaurant table or a TV playing in the background during an interview). 7

8 Verbatim Major Accuracy Error NEW NEW Some customers request verbatim transcripts. In verbatim files, you must transcribe exactly what you hear, including filler words, stutters and repetitions. Example 1. Include only the following non-speech speaker sounds. a. (laughs) or (laughing) b. Mm-hmm (affirmative) or Mm-mm (negative) c. Uh-huh (affirmative) or Uh-uh (negative) 2. Exclude other non-speech speaker sounds, such as (coughs) or (sneezes). 3. Always use parens for non-speech speaker sounds. Do not use your own notation (e.g. [laughs] or **laughs**) 4. Exclude background atmospheric and non-mouth sounds (e.g. clapping, paper rustling, dog barks, car honks) If you ve claimed a verbatim job, it will be noted in the upper right menu of the Editor. 8

9 Spelling Minor Accuracy Error 1. Use U.S. spelling at all times, even if the speaker has a non-american accent. 2. Always research words, phrases and proper nouns (names, companies, titles, etc.) you are unfamiliar with. 3. Always research the proper capitalization of terms, even if you are familiar with the spelling (e.g. iphone, UCLA, SaaS) 4. Some customers provide a glossary that can be found in the left-hand menu of the editor please refer to the glossary while transcribing. Tip: Use our built-in spelling and grammar check by right clicking on underlined or highlighted words. 9

10 Inaudibles Minor Accuracy Error An inaudible tag should be used when unintelligible or inaudible word(s) are spoken. This may happen due to difficult audio quality, a sound (such as a car horn) obscuring the main speaker, or recording issues. An inaudible should never be used in place of research. How many inaudibles is too many? If you are using an excessive number of inaudibles in a transcript (to the point where the transcript would be unusable to the client), unclaim and report the file so the Support team can reach out to the client to see how to proceed. Tip: Inaudibles can be solved with help from Lend an Ear. You can share your audio file and helpful Revvers will listen in and try to hear the missing word(s). 10

11 Dictation Major Formatting Error Occasionally customers dictate instructions to format the transcription while they are speaking. These instructions should be followed when possible but never transcribed. 1. Follow customer requests for spoken directions such as new paragraph, comma, period or bullet point (use a dash). Do not type out the instruction. 2. As Rev does not support text formatting in the Editor, ignore requests such as bold, italics, underline or strikethrough. Read complete guidelines and instructions in our help center article. 11

12 Notation Tags Major Formatting Error If you encounter difficult audio, use one of the four notation tags below. Do not create and use a notation tag not listed below. [inaudible hh:mm:ss] [crosstalk hh:mm:ss] [foreign language hh:mm:ss] Use when unintelligible or inaudible words are stated. Equivalent to a blank in medical transcription. Use when multiple people speaking over each other causes any one of the speakers to become unintelligible. Continue to transcribe what is discernable. Example For any non-english portions of audio, please indicate where they begin with a timestamp and either the name of the language (if known) or simply foreign language. Do not transcribe non-english audio. If a translator is speaking on a respondent's behalf, there is no need to denote [foreign language hh:mm:ss] every time that the respondent speaks. Example [phonetic hh:mm:ss] When you are unable to research a definitive spelling of a proper noun or industry terminology, include your attempted spelling in brackets with a timestamp. This allows a customer to easily double check the audio during review. Only use the phonetic tag for the first instance of the word and be consistent with your attempted spelling in later usages. Do not use this tag when you are unsure of what was spoken. 12

13 Provided Speaker Labels Major Formatting Error If a customer has provided speaker labels, you must use them if: 1) the speaker is identified in the audio (e.g. My name is Arnold ) 2) you can infer who is speaking if another speaker introduces the name (e.g. What do you think, Gustav? ) 3) there is only one speaker and one name is provided 4) you can use process of elimination to assign the correct speaker names (e.g. one male name and one female name match up with one male speaker and one female speaker) If speaker labels are provided by the customer, you will see them in the left-hand menu or when you edit a speaker. If you cannot assign the provided speaker labels, follow the rules outlined in Inferred Speaker Labels. 13

14 Inferred Speaker Labels Minor Formatting Error If a customer has not provided speaker labels, use the following guidelines. NEW - Use the context in the transcript to infer accurate speaker names. Make a reasonable effort to assign a unique label using the rules below. - Never create your own descriptive speaker labels (e.g. "Blue shirt guy" or Annoying child ). This is extremely unprofessional and will result in a 1 in Formatting. - If speakers are not identified by name in the audio/video AND labels are not provided, do not research and use speaker names (even if personal information is revealed such that you could identify the speaker). This is for client privacy. - EXCEPTION: If the speaker is a well-known public figure, it is acceptable but not required to identify them. If The customer has not provided speaker names and a speaker is not identified but a speaker is identified Then use Speaker + number (e.g. Speaker 1, Speaker 2) or role/title without a number (e.g. Interviewer, Doctor). As much of the speaker name as is revealed within the transcript. (e.g. Sarah, John Smith, Professor Lee). If the name is longer than 15 characters, please abbreviate the last name s initial (e.g. Benedict C.). There are too many speakers to consistently track who says what (e.g. classroom discussion, focus group) 1) If you are able to distinguish the total number of speakers, use Speaker 1, Speaker 2, etc. 2) Your best judgment in choosing appropriate group identifiers (e.g. Students, Audience, Camera Crew, Male, Female). 3) Do not use a number (e.g. Male 1, Student 5) as you cannot know for sure how many speakers there are. 14

15 Default style (non-verbatim) Minor Formatting Error In default style (non-verbatim) projects you should lightly edit for readability. You should not change the structure or meaning of the speech. Exclude the following: - Interjections or signs of active listening (e.g. Mm-hmm (affirmative), Okay, Yeah) unless they are in direct response to a question - Filler words (ums, uhs, and you know, like, etc.) Example - False starts / self-corrections that are later reworded, unless they provide additional context (see Example 3 and 4 below) - Stutters - Audible non-speech sounds such as (laughs) Do not exclude: - Intentional words spoken (e.g. "probably" "just" "that" really, I think, well ) even if the sentence sounds fine without - Explicit content or profanity Example 1 Example 2 Example 3: Leave the false start in default style because it provides context as to who called Example 4: Remove the false start in default style because My mom is introduced later Default style (non-verbatim) I think we should go to the movies tonight because of the discount. I called her yesterday and she was sleeping. Probably, she was just really tired. My mom was... I forgot to tell you, she called me yesterday. I forgot to tell you, my mom called me yesterday. Verbatim And so, um, I guess I think we should go to the, the m- m- movies tonight cause of the discount (laughs). I like, you know, called her like yesterday and, um, like she was, like, sleeping. Probably, she was just like, really tired. My mom was (laughs)... I forgot to tell you, she called me yesterday. My mom... I forgot to tell you, my mom called me yesterday. 15

16 Punctuation Minor Formatting Error Guidelines Example NEW Terminal punctuation (.?!) - Statements of any length should always end in one of the following: - terminal punctuation if the thought was completed - ellipses if the speaker trails off or pauses - a hyphen if the speaker is interrupted by another speaker Speaker 1: I went to the park. Speaker 2: I love parks but what about- Speaker 3: I love the outdoors too! Commas - In verbatim transcripts: Use to offset non-essential speech or filler words. - Do not use in excess to the point where it inhibits readability. I, uh, was going to go to the store, but decided not to. Ellipses - Use to indicate a speaker has trailed off or paused significantly in the middle of a statement. - Use ellipses if the same speaker cuts herself off and changes direction. Do not use a hyphen if a speaker cuts herself off. NEW - Treat an ellipsis like a word with a space before and after. - Capitalize the word after an ellipsis if it starts a new sentence. NEW Speaker 1: She called- Speaker 2: Really? Speaker 1:... to tell me that... well, she was worried I had not heard about the coming storm. I had been in the... Hang on a minute, I have to let the dog out. Hyphens - Use to indicate abrupt interruptions and cutoffs of one speaker by another speaker. - Use to indicate a stutter in verbatim jobs without a comma after the hyphen. - * For full word stutters, a hyphen or comma is acceptable. For example,... for her to call, call me. is also acceptable. NEW Parentheses - In verbatim transcripts only: use for audible non-speech speaker sounds (e.g. (laughing)) - In non-verbatim and verbatim jobs: Never transcribe song lyrics. Label them as (singing) Speaker 1: I couldn t wait- Speaker 2: W- wait for what? Speaker 1: for her to call- call me.* Speaker 1: If we could get it done (laughs) we d be home by now! What do you think? Speaker 2: Mm-hmm (affirmative). Quotation Marks - Use when a quote is directly stated or implied. - Do not edit or paraphrase the quote, even if it is quoted incorrectly (e.g. a famous quote or religious passage). - In a non-verbatim transcript the quote should be transcribed in the non-verbatim style. NEW Then I told him, I don t think I can, and he said, Okay then. 16

17 Symbols Minor Formatting Error Guidelines Example NEW Time - Use your best judgment to use conventions that improve the readability and consistency of the transcript. Below is an incomplete list of suggestions - not hard and fast rules: - If the speaker says nine and it is implied that it is a time of day, write as 9:00 - If the speaker says nine o clock, write as nine o clock or 9:00 - If the speaker says nine thirty, write 9:30 - If the speaker says nine thirty AM, write 9:30 a.m. or 9:30 A.M. or 9:30 AM - Write out phrases as spoken - do not convert into a numerical time (e.g. do not convert half past one into 1:30 PM) Should I come at 9:00 or 9:05 p.m.? He ll stop by at half past one instead of noon. Numbers - For numbers under 10, write the number (e.g. eight ). For numbers 10 and above, use numerals. - It is OK to break this rule if it improves readability or consistency (e.g. in a list of items) - Use your best judgment to use numerical conventions that improve the readability and consistency of the transcript. Below is an incomplete list of suggestions - not hard and fast rules: - Days/Time: A.D. 1066, the 1980s, the 90s, February 1st - Percentages: 4%, 15.93% - Proper nouns: Article III of the Constitution, Genesis 1:1 - Money: 10 cents, $84, fifty billion dollars, $1 billion, $10, Measurement: eight inches, 10 x 4, 223 pounds, 6 4 Our company turns 25 today, and we can t wait to see what the next five years bring! I brought 3 baskets, 12 lawn chairs, and 4 board games for the picnic. Sarah bought two pies and four dozen cookies. 17

18 Handling silence / foreign language If There is no English dialogue But there is foreign language content But there are some noises or inaudible sounds But there is singing Then Unclaim the project as Foreign language. Unclaim the project as Missing audio. Unclaim the project as Missing audio. There is any English dialogue (regardless of file length or percentage of audio with English dialogue) Transcribe what you hear, using your best judgment to indicate large silences as (silence). This is to help the customer know that there was silence and not omitted or missing content. If you submit a project that has no English dialogue captured, the project will be graded as incomplete and given a score of 1/1. 18

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