How to Set up a Router at Home [DIY]

How to Set up a Router at Home

The internet has become an integral part of our lives today, and living without it isn’t easy. For this reason, more people are having home internet installed so that they stay connected at all times. The office also feels empty without the internet, as most operations require a network. The gadgets that we have in the market today are all internet-enabled such that you need an internet connection, and you are good to go.

To have internet in your home or office, you need a little gadget called a router – a piece of hardware that acts as the gateway to the internet. It connects your local network, whether at home or office, to the internet. It also acts as a firewall or security to protect your system from internet intruders.

The router is the central point of a home network, and you can set it up using the following steps:

Inspect the Internet Connection

When you want to set up a router in your home or office, there is always a chance that you have an active internet connection. Make sure to check for the internet signals on your modem or the gateway that your ISP (Internet Service Provider) uses to supply you with the internet.

Checking for connectivity signal is important because it will make the entire setup process frustrating when the signal is low. You may mistakenly think you have a faulty router, which may not be accurate. Checking your internet status is simple; plug in an ethernet cable to your modem then directly to your desktop or PC, confirm there is an internet connection, and then set up a router.

Connect the Router

Once you have confirmed that you have access to the internet and the signal is strong enough, you will need to do a physical setup of your router to get things running. Routers have labeled ports that make it easy for you to set it up without a technician’s help. Most routers come with a manufacturer’s manual, documentation on how to set up the router. Even if you have knowledge of router set up, you can still take note of the documentation for any vital information you may not be having. Most routers come with a labeled port where you have to connect to a micro-filter and your phone line.

However, modern routers come with an inbuilt micro-filter, so you only have to connect your router to your modem via the WAN port. Before joining any cables to the router or modem, make sure these two devices are not connected to power. Switch off the power, connect the wires, turn on the power, allow the modem and router to power up, and check for a single indicating a strong connection in both the modem and router.

Change the Router Configurations

All routers come configured by the manufacturer, but you can change these configurations from the router’s interface. First, you need to access the interface on your laptop through a browser. The reason for this is because routers come configured with a default IP address and password, and once you set it up, you may want to change that to keep your network secure. The network administrator changes the IP address and sets up a new password from the router’s management interface.   Once on the interface, the admin will have to change the default IP address, password, SSID, and assign a new security protocol. Most routers configure security through WPS, a WI-Fi Protected Set-up but since you want total control of your network, instead of WPS, click “manual” to easily change the security settings. Once done, disconnect your laptop and reboot to gain a wireless connection to the internet.

Allow Network Sharing

Configuring the router is not the end; you need to allow the people in your network to access the internet and be able to communicate with each other. Set up a user-friendly network sharing group, where computers on the network can share files and other gadgets like printers and scanners. Creating this space makes sharing data much more manageable. No one within the system can change the configurations unless they are permitted; other people cannot share data unless they have access.

Connect your Devices

One significant benefit of a router is that you don’t need an ethernet cable to access the internet. With a router, you can access the internet via Wi-Fi or wireless connection. Once the router is set up, and all configurations are done, it is now time to connect to the internet and browse away. All the devices that are Wi-Fi enabled can access the password-protected internet by entering the password. Other devices like printers, TV or phone can be connected to the router using an ethernet cable.

Don’t Forget the User Accounts

User accounts are especially important in an office setup where there are several computers on the same network. The network admin will need to assign every user a unique username and password to access the devices on the same network, like printers. Having a user account will also help the network admin know who is accessing the system and what time. User accounts are important because not everyone in the network should have access to all the documents therein. Therefore, it becomes easy to share information with the relevant parties, instead of bombarding everyone with data that they do not need.

Guide to the Best Router

It is hard for a beginner to select the best router that delivers reliable internet because most routers are described with acronyms that a newbie may not understand. Here are tips for finding the best router that meets your needs and budget.

Processor:  Find a router that has a multi-core processor and at least 128MB RAM. Considering the kind of activities people use the internet for, like live streaming and downloads and gaming and data back-up, you need a router with high processing power. The efficiency of your router depends on its processor.

Frequency: the frequency in which your router processes and transfers data is essential. Single-band routers are outdated so find one that is double-band and above. The benefit of a dual-band is that it is compatible with all networking and covers a wide area.

Features: Look out for a router that offers security features like firewalls and antivirus, among others. You need a router that guarantees your data is safe and secure from internet fraud and attacks.

Routers are the center of communication between the internet and your devices, at home and the office. It also provides a safety mechanism to keep you secure from hackers and other internet fraudsters. For efficient performance, research on the best routers that will meet your needs and the one within your budget. Routers offer you the flexibility of accessing the internet without connecting your device to an ethernet cable.

Geoffrey Nevine — IT Services and IT Consulting

facebook-f messenger twitter pinterest linkedin flipboard instagram youtube whatsapp email

Post a Comment

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post