What Do High Levels Of SGOT/SGPT In A Liver Test Mean?

What Do High Levels Of SGOT/SGPT In A Liver Test Mean?

SGOT is an
acronym for Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase, and SGPT stands for Serum
Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase. These are enzymes produced by the liver and its
cells. Generally, these enzymes reside within the cells of the liver and, to a
lesser extent, in the muscle cells.

However, when
your liver is facing additional stress due to anabolic steroids, it releases
compounds called SGOT SGPT
into the blood. For a healthy human being, the normal range for ALT/SGPT is
from 7 to 60 units per liter of serum, and the normal range of AST/SGOT is from
6 to 40 units per litre of serum.

High levels of
SGOT and SGPT are associated with the damaged condition of the liver. The liver
stops releasing these two chemicals as soon as the damage stops being incurred.
Standard blood screens can detect the levels of SGOT and SGPT in your blood,
and doctors use the readings obtained to analyze how much damage is incurred by
the liver. SGOT SGPT price ranges between Rs 80 to Rs 200 in different cities.

 Causes of high SGOT SGPT levels

Often, steroid
users who use heavy steroids are more susceptible to damaging their livers, as
they do not take recommended breaks, give their livers time to recover, and let
the SGOT/SGPT levels drop. Though the high levels of these enzymes are majorly
associated with liver injury, there can be other reasons too.

aminotransferase (ALT) is also known as SGPT. It is generally concentrated in
the liver, but it doesn't mean it is exclusively concentrated in the liver. The
moment there is some injury in the liver, it is released into the bloodstream.
So you can say that SGPT specifically indicates the damage in the liver.

The enzyme
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) is also known as SGOT. It is usually found in
a diversity of tissues, including the heart, liver, kidney, brain, and muscle.
When any of these tissues are damaged, SGOT is released into the blood. For
example, SGOT enzyme levels rise in the blood due to heart attacks or muscle

Sometimes, using
certain medicines related to diabetes, cholesterol, surgery, certain
painkillers, etc., also increase the SGPT and SGOT levels. Even consuming
alcohol can be the reason for the increased levels of these enzymes in your

How to lower your SGOT SGPT levels?

Well, the liver
is a remarkable glandular organ that can regenerate new cells. It performs
several vital functions in your body, including protein synthesis,
detoxification, metabolism, digestion, and storage.

Still, the level
to which it can repair itself varies among individuals and is influenced by
many factors. So it is vital to keep your liver healthy! How would you do that?
Well, it is simple! With some dietary interventions and lifestyle
modifications, you can keep your liver in its healthiest state.

Here are some
dietary modifications to reduce your blood serum's SGPT and SGOT levels.

    your Vitamin D intake. You should add eggs, oranges, tofu, dairy products, soy
    milk, liver oil, leafy vegetables, mushrooms, etc., to your routine diet.
    your intake of salt and sodium-rich foods.
    organic, nutrient-rich, and plant-based foods to improve your liver health.
    consuming processed, deep-fried, and junk food.
    colorful veggies and fruits to your diet, as they are rich in antioxidants.
    alcoholic beverages as they can severely damage your liver.

Besides making
the above-mentioned dietary modifications to reduce your SGOT SGPT levels, you must exercise regularly. Simple exercises
such as brisk walking, jogging, and swimming prevent obesity, a common risk
factor for liver problems. Also, avoid self-medication.

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